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5 edition of Needle exchange, legalization, and the failure of the swiss heroin experiments found in the catalog.

Needle exchange, legalization, and the failure of the swiss heroin experiments

Hearing before the Subcommittee on National Security, International Affairs, ... Congress, first session, September 18, 1997

by United States

  • 40 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Number of Pages145
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7377030M
ISBN 100160564824
ISBN 109780160564826
OCLC/WorldCa39197298

The Impact of Heroin Prescription — 85 was accepted in a national referendum with 55% of the votes ap-proving the measure. HOW DOES DRUG SUBSTITUTION WORK? Late in , the Swiss government decided to allow, on an ex-perimental basis, trials with prescription of heroin (and a File Size: KB. A needle and syringe programme (NSP), syringe-exchange programme (SEP), or needle exchange program (NEP) is a social service that allows injecting drug users (IDUs) to obtain hypodermic needles and associated paraphernalia at little or no cost. It is based on the philosophy of harm reduction that attempts to reduce the risk factors for diseases such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis.

1. Efficacy of Heroin-Assisted Treatment "Over the past 15 years, six RCTs [Randomized Controlled Trials] have been conducted involving more than 1, patients, and they provide strong evidence, both individually and collectively, in support of the efficacy of treatment with fully supervised self-administered injectable heroin, when compared with oral MMT, for long-term refractory heroin.   The cost of needle exchange programs is minuscule compared to the resources that are spent treating those who end up with diseases like HIV and hepatitis C. This is yet another reason why the expansion of needle exchange programs across the country is likely to prove beneficial to all of society and not just IV drug users.

  Needle exchange programs, also known as NEPs, have recently been established as a current standard of nationwide health care. These community-based systems allow intravenous drug users to exchange their used syringes for clean, sterile ones in an effort to reduce the spreading of damaging and potentially lethal blood-borne illnesses such as Hepatitis C and HIV. Start studying Chapter 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. prosecution and imprisonment of illicit drug suppliers. - In fact, legalization could enhance tax revenues. The Swiss experiments are designed to answer a host of questions about how to deal with Heroin abuse.


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Needle exchange, legalization, and the failure of the swiss heroin experiments by United States Download PDF EPUB FB2

The item Needle exchange, legalization, and the failure of the swiss heroin experiments: hearing before the Subcommittee on National Security, International Affairs, and Criminal Justice of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, first session, Septem represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Brigham Young University.

Get this from a library. Needle exchange, legalization, and the failure of the swiss heroin experiments: hearing before the Subcommittee on National Security, International Affairs, and Criminal Justice of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, first session, Septem The item Needle exchange, legalization, and the failure of the Swiss heroin experiments: hearing before the Subcommittee on National Security, International Affairs, and Criminal Justice of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives; One Hundred Fifth Congress, first session; Septem represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Brigham Young University.

Get this from a library. Needle exchange, legalization, and the failure of the Swiss heroin experiments: hearing before the Subcommittee on National Security, International Affairs, and Criminal Justice of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives ; One Hundred Fifth Congress, first session ; Septem Needle exchange, legalization, and the failure of the swiss heroin experiments: hearing before the Subcommittee on National Security, International Affairs, and Criminal Justice of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, first session, Septem By and Criminal Justice.

Analysis: the Swiss experiments with heroin that failed; and the Swiss experiments that worked. David Leask @leaskyHT Chief Reporter, The Herald Few cities have had heroin quite so in their faces.

The response was considered a failure. In Zurich, the number of people who injected drugs went from less than 4, when the law was revised to ab into 20, inin 1. Creating a Needle Park for Addicts.

Vancouver introduced a legal, free-standing needle exchange programme (NEP) and a street nurse pro-gramme in andrespectively [1,2]. At that time, the estimated HIV prevalence was 1–2% among the city’s population of –10 injecting drug users (IDU) [3]. Vancouver’s NEP appears to be the FAST TRACKFile Size: KB.

The Swiss drug policy once was very progressive in the s when the harm related to drug use was most visible to the public. Failure of repression opened the room for more innovative harm Author: Ambros Uchtenhagen.

*The Swiss annually purchase about kilos of heroin for treatment. Since Swiss patients have received o, doses of heroin without a fatality. ** The Swiss approach gives us a glimpse of a context in which drug issues are handled by the medical community.

GENEVA — The world's most comprehensive legalized heroin program has become permanent with overwhelming approval from Swiss voters who simultaneously rejected the decriminalization of marijuana. A study published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence compared San Francisco, a city with a needle exchange, to Miami, a city without needle exchanges.

More than eight times as many syringes were found on the streets of Miami, and injection drug users in Miami reported improperly disposing of needles much more often than those who. An Addict, Now Clean, Discusses Needle Exchanges And 'Hope After Heroin': Shots - Health News At the height of her addiction to heroin, Tracey.

The fascinating historical interplay of hepatitis C, HIV, intravenous drug abuse and needle exchange programs is one that didn’t take shape until the last quarter of the 20th century.

Although heroin was first synthesized init wasn’t until the late s that syringe exchange programs were established in the United States. Switzerland's innovative policy of providing drug addicts with free methadone and clean needles has greatly reduced deaths while cutting crime rates and.

The Swiss city went from Europe's s drug den to one of the best places to live on Earth. The US can learn a lot from Zurich about how to fight its heroin crisis | The World from PRX Skip to. Most significantly, inthe Swiss began a landmark program of injectable heroin maintenance for longe r-term addicts who had previously failed in treatment with m ethadone [97].

Needle exchanges have been proved to work against opioid addiction. They’re banned in 15 states. Needle exchanges have been exhaustively studied — and proved to work. By the time I began as a drug policy reporter inI was all in on legalizing every drug, from marijuana to heroin and cocaine.

It all seemed so obvious to me. Prohibition had failed. They are constantly seeking another out to exchange tastes of heroin, sips of fortified wine, and loans of spare change. This gift-giving envelops them in a web of mutual obligations. Gifts of money, blankets, and food were the primary means - aside from sharing drugs - that they used to define and express friendships, organize interpersonal.

Needle-exchange programs have been credited with saving many lives by preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS among injection-drug users, but some counselors at the harm-reduction programs have been fatally tempted by easy availability of heroin, the Wall Street Journal reported Jan.

At least five workers at harm-reduction programs in New York and San Francisco have died of overdoses. The Swiss government has authorized the controlled distribution of prescription heroin since and it was approved by Swiss voters in a June referendum after a furious campaign based on Swiss government reports.

Never mind that those studies were deeply flawed, say independent analysts, including the World Health Organization, or WHO.Needle exchange patients also had a greater baseline severity of drug use than patients in the standard referral group.

Despite these baseline differences, both groups achieved comparably good short-term treatment outcomes (including reduced drug use and criminal activity for profit); treatment retention was also good, although slightly better Cited by: